Essay on Water Pollution for Students and Children (2023)

Essay on Water Pollution

The average human brain is composed of 60 to 70 % water. Water is a necessary component for life. Water pollution is a type of pollution in which harmful substances, chemicals, and dumped wastes pollute the water bodies, rendering them unqualified or undesirable for use by people or animals.

Also our bones contain waters because we are all made of water. Therefore, it becomes crucial to protect liquid from pollution. Liquid waste may be avoided by establishing specific rules and regulations.

In this essay, we’ll discuss this important issue of water pollution in four pieces of 150, 250, 350, and 500 word articles. For the benefit of kids, students, and adults, the essays are written in a clear and simple language that will help them realize and develop their reading abilities.

English article on water pollution, 150 words

Water contamination is the tainting of ocean bodies, rendering them unusable. Water makes up between 71 and 73 percent of the Earth’s surface. Everywhere we look, we can see waters. Both people and animals are composed of water.

Liquid pollution is a very significant issue that requires attention. Water contamination also causes other types of pollutants, such as when many industries dump sewage or waste directly into freshwater lakes or rivers, which results in water pollution.

The water’s waste can enter the land and make the ground pregnant, preventing the trees from growing good. Liquid contamination has gotten to a really bad point. Large-scale underwater life is perishing, dead fish are discovered floating on riverbanks, and dying flowers decompose further into the water, making it more contagious.

Therefore, precautions should be taken to prevent this issue of ocean pollution, and substances need to be handled properly to avoid harming the environment.

Essay on Water Pollution
Essay on Water Pollution

250 word article on ocean pollution

Environmental pollution, which essentially refers to the contamination of the ocean systems present around us, includes water waste. The most important component of the Earth is water, and it is essential to the life of all living things. Humans are composed of between 60 and 70 percent liquid. Waters is a necessity for basic life.

Outside a person can accomplish, and even beyond that, there is water. The liquid bodies are severely polluted by pollutants like dangerous materials, commercial waste, fertilizers, bacteria, viruses, pesticides, pharmaceutical products, nitrates and phosphates in plastic, and even nuclear substances.

They have such a profound impact on the water that it turns color and becomes extremely unfit for human consumption. It turns into the most dangerous substance for underwater life because it contaminates the water’s oxygen and causes plants to perish.

The majority of water pollution is brought on by animal activity. Water pollution can lead to a variety of illnesses, including liver, poliomyelitis, diarrhea, dysentery, and salmonella.

The harmful pollutants regularly contaminate the water bodies and the ambient atmosphere, making it dangerous and harmful, by producing different types of machinery, factory plants, and industries without their appropriate disposal system. Industrial misuse is being dumped directly into lakes or rivers without being treated for removal.

It is our responsibility to shield both the culture and ourselves from these severe repercussions. These wastes and dangerous pollutants must be appropriately treated; they shouldn’t be thrown into waterways because they contaminate them and harm the organisms that live there.

Water Pollution Essay
Photograph: Essay on Water Pollution

350 Word Essay on Water Pollution

The term” liquid pollution” describes the deterioration or contamination of water bodies with toxic waste and harmful pollutants, such as the sea, river, lake, pond, and ocean. About 71 % of the Earth’s surface is made up of water. For success and living, it is absolutely necessary.

The average human body contains between 60 % and 70 % water. These contaminants in water render the liquid unfit for human or animal usage and result in serious illnesses like typhoid, cholera, and hepatitis. The following are a few sources of water pollution: commercial wastes, water from sewage, home waste, pesticides and fertilizers.

India is not a completely developed nation, and the majority of its industries lack an adequate removal method or treatment facilities for the industry’s waste materials. They do this without taking into account how the harmful chemicals will affect the aquatic life. Instead, they dump it straight into the local rivers or lakes.

The impact of these substances on the water is so great that it changes color and texture and turns poisonous. The soil may become pregnant as a result of these liquid waste materials entering the land, preventing the trees from growing good.

In this way, soil pollution is also caused by water waste. In some instances, the waste from sewages is dumped into the river after they are instantly connected to them. Pharmaceutical products, nitrogen, and minerals are some of the main pollutants that harm waterbodies, as are plastic, food waste, radioactive materials, pesticides and industrial and home wastes.

Because water from the lakes or streams is tainted with toxins that could result in serious illnesses, only water that is also known as drinkable water is considered safe for drinking. Additionally, if we don’t regularly monitor the particles in creek bodies, the ecosystem will be destroyed.

Life is a need, and in this case, water is that necessity that we need to protect from the pollutants’ deteriorating effects. We may raise awareness of this waste issue and take action to stop these dangerous chemicals from entering the water without treatment.

The government would take this issue more seriously if all cooperated, which may alter the procedures and improve quality of life in the entire world.

500 Word Essay on Water Pollution

When toxic substances like microorganisms and dangerous chemicals enter valley bodies or estuaries, they cause the water to become unfit for human habitation, use, swimming, cleaning, cooking, and other activities. This is known as water pollution.

Substances degrade the streams, rivers, lakes, aquifer, lakes, and oceans and occasionally kill aquatic life like fish, bugs, or plants that are present in the water. Because of the waste present in the shrimp as a result of pollution, it causes additional illnesses to those who eat fish or any other seafood.

A vital component of life is liquid. Water makes up the majority of individuals. About 60 % to 70 % of the water is made up of human body. The lungs are made up of about 83 % water, while the brain, heart, and brain make up 73 % of water. The human skin contains 64 % water, the muscles and kidneys contain 79 % of it, and even the bones contain 31 % of water. About 71 % of the Earth’s surface is covered by water.

A important step for our survival is to protect water from contamination. Liquid waste can lead to cholera, dysentery, typhoid, diarrhea, and poliomyelitis in addition to making the water unfit for human consumption. Business wastes, water from sewage, home waste, pesticides and fertilizers are a few of the sources of water waste.

Water contamination is the next issue that is having a significant impact on the environment after heat pollution. There are five different kinds of liquid pollutants:

  1. Chemical Pollution – Chemicals are the most prevalent contaminants that infiltrate both water body and underground resources. These compounds are used in the agricultural industry as fertilizers, herbicides, and other substances.
  2. Chemicals like fertilizers and pesticides you seep straight into the floor, contaminating the marine river and waterbeds, as was already mentioned.
  3. Nutrient Pollution – Fertilizers contain a lot of nutrients, which encourage the growth of algal blooms and attack water bodies. This prevents other organisms from growing by preventing sunlight from entering the water.
  4. Microbiological waste is a type of pollution that is naturally occurring. The ocean bodies are typically home to a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and protozoa, which makes the waters unfit for human consumption and contributes to many diseases like bilharzia and cholera.
  5. Surface water pollution is caused by poor commercial spends like plastic, rubber, and oil that are dumped directly into water body. Due to their large size, these pollutants do not break in the water or blend with any other molecules, which results in pollution.

Many industries dump their waste or wastewater straight into water lakes or rivers, which causes water waste. This causes other types of pollution as well. The land can become pregnant due to the waste materials from the water, which will prevent the trees from growing good.

Hence, this issue needs to be handled carefully in order to stop the pollution from spreading and eradicating the ecosystem. People need to band together and come up with solutions to prevent this issue from happening and prevent diseases from spreading.

We can raise awareness of this waste issue and take action to stop these harmful chemicals from entering the water without treatment.


Water contamination is a concern that is out of control every day. We need to take steps for the improvement of the ocean systems and the environment if we want to prevent the ecosystem from extinction and life on Earth. In order to prevent illnesses and a lack of access to clean water for future years, we may improve the quality of life in this world.

If all cooperated, the government would take this issue more severely and appropriate steps may be taken to address this pressing issue. I hope this article was able to assist you in your search.


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