American artist, author, social reformer, and Gujarati independence fighter Jhaverchand, also known as Zaverchund Meghani, was born and raised in Gujarat. He was born in Chotila on August 28, 1896, and passed away on March 9, 1947. He is well-known for his contributions to Gujarati books, and the Rashtriya Shai Zaverchand Meghani College in Chotila bears his name.
Biographies of Meghani and Jhaverchand
He was given the title of “Rashtriya Shair”( National Poet) by Mahatma Gandhi himself. He also won numerous literary honors, including the Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak and the Mahida Prize. His first publication,” Qurbani ni Katha” (Tales of the Martyrs), which was first published in 1922, was one of more than 100 publications he wrote.
Jhaverchand Meghani significantly improved Indian tradition. He visited different villages in search of folklore, and he wrote several volumes of “Saurashtra Rasdhar” about his travels. Additionally, he served as the director of the Janmabhoomi group’s Rajkot-based” Phoolchhab” magazine.
His brother Vinod Meghani just translated a collection of his folktales from Saurashtra and published it in English. A Noble Heritage, A Shaded Crimson, and “Rose Shattered” are the names of the three levels that have so far been published.
His poems are taught in Gujarat Board Schools (GSEB) courses.
Status of Jhaverchand or Zaverchund Meghani:-
|Jhaverchand Meghani Bio||information|
|Name:||Meghani Kalidas of Zawerchand|
|Nickname:||S. D. Ni, Sahityayatri, Sano, Virat, Vilapi, Tantri|
|Birthdate:||August 28, 1896|
|Birthplace:-||British India’s( currently Surendranagar District ) Chotila, Bombay Presidency|
|Father’s Title:||Meghani Kalidas|
|Mother’s Title:||Meghani Dholima|
|Title of the Wife:||Chitradevi Medhani, Damayanti Meghani|
|Profession:||author, writer, editor, and folklorist|
|Education:||Bacillus, An., utilizing Sanskrit speech|
|Awards:||( 1928 ) Ranjitram Suvarnachandrak|
|Death:||9 March 1947( fifty years old )|
British India, Botad, and the Bombay Presidency
Jhaverchand or Zaverchand Meghani was born to Kalidas and Meghani Dholima in Chotila, Gujarat. His father, Kalidas, worked in the police force and was frequently transferred, leading to much of Zaverchand’s education taking place in Rajkot.
Lalchand and Prabhashankar were Meghani’s two sons. He wed Damayanti at the age of 24, and Chitradevi at 36 years old after she passed away. Six of their nine children were kids named Mahendra, Mastan, Nanak, Vinod, Jayant, and Ashok, while three of them were females named Indu, Padmala, or Murali.
Jhaverchand’s First Year:
He led a straightforward and peaceful life, which led his school friends to refer to him as” Raja Janaka.” He usually wore a long, white coat, knee-high dhotis, and turban that was tied around his head. In 1912, he graduated from admission and earned a B. A. in 1917. He therefore started working in Kolkata.
He started working for Jeevanlal & amp, Company in 1918 as a personal assistant and was affectionately referred to as” Paghdi Babu” by his coworkers and employees. He was given the position of stock manager at Crown Aluminum in Belur very fast. He traveled to England for four months in 1919, and after arriving back in India, he worked in Kolkata for two and a half years before going back to Saurashtra and joining the editorial committee of the week in Rajkot, Sarashta, in 1922.
Jhaverchand Aid to the Liberty Battle:
He was given a two-year prison term in 1930 for penning the book “Sindhudo,” which contains music to motivate young people in India to take part in the liberation struggle against the British Raj. He wrote a poetical triptych about Mahatma Gandhi’s Round Table Conference visit to London during this time. Additionally, he began penning short stories on his own and worked as the director of the Phoolchaab newspaper.
Jhaverchand wrote the following history:
- Annie Besant in 1927
- 1927: Narveer Lalaji
- 1927: Satyaveer Shraddhananda
- 1928: Sorathi Santo
- 1939 Thakkar Bapa
- 1944: Dayanand Saraswati
- Mansai na Diwa, a reserve of activities based on the lives of outlaws and pirates from Patanwadia village, was spoken by Ravi Shankar Maharaj.
- Sant Devidas, 1946
- 1947 Vasant – Rajab Samarak Book
- 1927: Hangeri no Taranhar
Jhaverchand’s Additional Novels:
- Saurashtra’s Rasdhara
- Baharvatia Sorathi
- Santwani Sorathi
- Vato Dadji
- Raat Radhiyali
- Dharti and Dhavan
- Smalochan Loksahitya nu
- na Full Veni
- Vaheta Pani Sorath Tara
Janm Jayanti Zaverchand Meghani
Jhaverchand Meghani’s birth anniversary, also known as Meghani Janm Jayanti Zaverchand, is celebrated every year on August 28th. This day is celebrated in honor of his contributions to Gujarati literature and society. During this day, various events, seminars, and cultural programs are organized to pay tribute to Meghani’s life and work. People also read his poetry and literary works, and his contribution to the Indian freedom struggle is remembered on this occasion.
At the age of 50, he passed away on March 9, 1947, from a heart attack at his Botad home.
On September 14, 1999, the Indian Postal Department issued a postage stamp in his pride.
Jhaverchand or Zaverchand Meghani: Who is He?
Gujarati author, writer, and social activist Zaverchand Meghani lived from 1897 to 1947. He is well known for his contributions to the fields of literature, journalism, and activism and is commonly regarded as one of the most significant intellectual characters in Indian books.
When did Zaverchand Meghani pass away?
On March 9, 1947, Zaverchand Meghani passed away. At the time of his passing, he was just 49 years older. His accomplishments to Indian literature and society are still remembered and honored today.
Which honor is bestowed for exceptional contributions to Gujarati tradition?
Exceptional contributions to Indian mythology are recognized with the Jhaverchand Meghani Award. This honor is given in honor of Jhaverchand Meghani, a well-known artist, author, and social activist from Gujarat, India, who significantly contributed to the preservation and dissemination of Indian folklore.
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