Prithviraj Chauhan Biography- history, Early life,age, Study,wife, war, death, movie 2022

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Prithviraj Chauhan Biography- historical past:– Our nation India has its assorted heritage. Indian historical past is the most important and essentially the most beneficial in {all} over the world. So many outsiders attacked on India, however Indian kings had given them a tricky battle. So many Indian kings gave their life to save lots of their empire. Immediately we’re going to talk about one of them the good king Prithviraj Chauhan.

Necessary details about Prithviraj Chauhan’s life:

Prithviraj Chauhan BioPrithviraj Chauhan Information
IdentifyPrithviraj Chauhan
Date of beginningc. 1166 CE 
HomelandGujarat 
Father’s identifySomeshvara 
Mom’s identifyKarpuradevi 
DynastyChahamanas of Shakambhari 
Regnal identifyPrithviraja III 
Coronation1177 CE, on the age of 11 
CapitalAjmer 
Spouse’s identifySanyogita 
Navy achievementsDefeated the Chandelas, the Paramaras, the Gahadavalas, and different Rajput rivals; gained the primary battle of Tarain in opposition to Muhammad of Ghor in 1191 CE; expanded his kingdom from Thanesar to Mewar 
Literary achievementsPatronized poets and students like Chand Bardai, Jayanaka, and Padmagupta; impressed many works of literature, corresponding to Prithviraja Vijaya, Prithviraj Raso, Prabandha-Chintamani, and Alha-Khanda 
Date of dying1192 CE 
Place of dyingAjmer 
Reason behind dyingExecuted by Muhammad of Ghor after being captured within the second battle of Tarain 

Prithviraj Chauhan Early life

Prithviraj was born to the  Chahamana  king Someshvara and queen Karpuradevi (a Kalachuri princess). Each Prithviraj and his youthful brother  Hariraja had been born in Gujarat, the place their father Someshvara was introduced up on the Chaulukya court docket by his maternal family members. In keeping with  Prithviraja Vijaya, Prithviraj was born on the twelfth day of the Jyeshtha month. The textual content doesn’t point out the yr of his beginning, however supplies a few of the astrological planetary positions on the time of his beginning, calling them auspicious. Primarily based on these positions and assuming sure different planetary positions, Dasharatha Sharma calculated the yr of Prithviraj’s beginning as 1166 CE (1223 VS).

The medieval biographies of Prithviraj counsel that he was educated nicely. The Prithviraja Vijaya states that he mastered 6 languages; the Prithviraj Raso claims that he realized 14 languages, which seems to be an exaggeration. The Raso goes on to say that he grew to become well-versed in a lot of topics, together with historical past, arithmetic, drugs, army, portray, philosophy (mimamsa), and theology. Each the texts state that he was notably proficient in archery.

Private Life Prithviraj Chauhan fell in love with a lady named Sanyukta, she was the daughter of the king of Kannauj whose identify was Raja Jaichand. The king of kannauj didn’t like this and he didn’t need Prithviraj to marry his daughter so he organized a ‘swayamvara’ for her. He invited {all} the princes besides Prithviraj. He didn’t invite him to insult Prithviraj however Sanyukta rejected {all} different princes and later fled with Prithviraj to Delhi, the place they married later.

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Prithviraj Chauhan Towards the Muslim Ghurid Dynasty Prithviraj Chauhan is extensively often known as a warrior king who bravely resisted the Muslim ruler, Muhammad of Ghor, the ruler of the Muslim Ghurid dynasty with {all} his may. In 1192 CE, Prithviraj was defeated by Ghurids on the second battle of Tarain and later he was executed after his defeat. His defeat on the second battle of Tarain is taken into account to be a landmark occasion within the Islamic conquest of India. 

Fundamental Data of Prithviraj Chauhan:- 

  • Full Identify: Prithviraja III. Prithviraj Chauhan was also referred to as: Rai Pithora. 
  • Father’s Identify: Someshvara. 
  • Necessary Battles: Battles of Tarain Prithviraj

Chauhan Delivery In keeping with the well-known eulogistic Sanskrit poem, Prithviraj Chauhan was born on the twelfth day of Jyeshtha, which is the second month within the Hindu Calendar which corresponds to Might -June of the Gregorian calendar. Prithviraj Chauhan’s father’s identify was Someshvara who was the king of Chahamana and his mom was queen Karpuradevi, a Kalachuri princess. ‘Prithviraj Vijaya’, is a Sanskrit epic poem on the lifetime of Prithviraj Chauhan and it doesn’t speak concerning the actual yr of his beginning nevertheless it does speak concerning the sure planetary positions on the time of Prithviraj’s beginning.

The outline of the described planetary place helped Indian Indologist, Dasharatha Sharma to estimate the yr of Prithviraj Chauhan’s beginning which is believed to be 1166 CE.Prithviraj Chauhan Early Life and {Qualifications}Prithviraj Chauhan and his youthful brother had been each introduced up in Gujarat, the place his father Someshvara was introduced up by his maternal family members. Prithviraj Chauhan was educated nicely. It states that he had mastered six languages. 

Prithviraj Chauhan Study:-

Prithviraj Raso went on and claimed that Prithviraj had realized 14 languages which appears to be an exaggeration. Prithviraj Raso additionally has claimed that he had mastered many topics corresponding to arithmetic, Medication, Historical past, army, protection, portray, theology, and philosophy too. The textual content additionally claims that Prithviraj Chauhan was additionally good at archery. Each the textual content additionally claims that Prithviraj from a youthful age had an curiosity in warfare and therefore was capable of study the tough army abilities shortly. 

Prithviraj Chauhan Coming to PowerAfter the dying of Prithviraj II, Someshvara the daddy of Prithviraj Chauhan was topped because the king of Chahamana and Prithviraj was solely 11 years previous when all the incident occurred. Within the yr 1177 CE, Someshvara handed away which led 11 years previous Prithviraj Chauhan to ascend the throne in the identical yr along with his mom because the regent. On the early age of his rule because the king, Prithviraj Chauhan’s mom managed the administration which was assisted by the regency council.Early Reign of Prithviraj Chauhan and his Necessary MinistersDuring his early years because the younger king, Prithviraj was assisted by a few 

loyal ministers who assisted him in working the dominion. The chief minister throughout this era was Kadambavasa who was also referred to as Kaimasa or Kailash. Within the folks legends, He was described as an ready minister and a soldier who devoted his life to the younger king’s progress. Prithviraj Vijaya additionally states that Kadambavasa was accountable for {all} the army victories through the early years of Prithviraj’s reign. In keeping with Prithviraja-Prabandha a person by the identify Pratapa-Simha conspired in opposition to the minister and absolutely satisfied Prithviraj Chauhan to consider that the minister was accountable for the repeated Muslim invasions that occurred on his kingdom.

This induced Prithviraj Chauhan to execute the minister afterward. One other vital minister who’s talked about within the ‘Prithviraja Vijaya’ is Bhuvanaikamalla who was the paternal uncle of Prithviraj’s mom. In keeping with the poem, he was a really succesful normal who served Prithviraj Chauhan. The traditional textual content additionally states that Bhuvanaikamalla was additionally an excellent painter.Prithviraj Chauhan assumed the precise management of the administration within the yr 1180 CE. Prithviraj Chauhan’s Battle with NagarjunaPrithviraj Chauhan took full management within the yr 1180 CE and shortly he was challenged by many Hindu rulers who tried to seize the Chahamana dynasty. The primary army achievement of Prithviraj Chauhan was on his cousin Nagarjuna. Nagarjuna was the son of Prithviraj Chauhan’s uncle Vigraharaja IV who revolted in opposition to the coronation of him on the throne.

Prithviraj Chauhan confirmed his army supremacy by retaking Gudapura which Nagarjuna had captured. It was among the many earliest army achievements of Prithviraj.Prithviraj Chauhan’s Battle with BhadanakasAfter fully defeating his cousin, Prithviraj then went on after which captured the neighboring kingdom of the Bhadanakas within the yr of 1182 CE. The Bhadanakas was an unknown dynasty that managed the world round Bayana.

Bhadanakas at all times was a menace to the Chahamana dynasty for capturing the world round Delhi which was below the Chahamana dynasty. Seeing the rise of the long run menace Prithviraj Chauhan determined to destroy the Bhadanakas fully. Prithviraj Chauhan’s Battle with  Chandelas between the years of 1182-83 CE, The Madanpur inscriptions from Prithviraj’s reign claimed that he had defeated the Jejakabhukti which was dominated by Chandela king Paramardi. After the Chandala king was defeated by the Prithviraj, it induced many rulers to kind a hate relationship with him on account of which an alliance was shaped between Chandelas and Gahadavalas.

The mixed Chandelas-Gahadavalas military had attacked the Prithviraj’s camp however was quickly defeated. The alliance was damaged and each the kings had been executed a couple of days after the battle. The Kharatara-Gachchha-Pattavali has talked about {that a} peace treaty was signed within the yr  1187 CE between Prithviraj Chauhan and Bhima II who was the king of Gujarat. A peace treaty was signed to finish the battle that each the kingdoms had with one another prior to now. 

Prithviraj Chauhan’s Battle with  GahadavalasAccording to the legends of Prithviraja Vijaya, Prithviraj Chauhan additionally got here into battle with essentially the most highly effective king of the Gahadavala kingdom, Jayachandra. Prithviraj Chauhan had run away with the daughter of Jayachandra, Samyogita which led to a rivalry between the 2 kings. The incident has been talked about in widespread legends corresponding to Prithviraja Vijaya, Ain-i-Akbari, and Surjana-Charita however many 

Reign

Early reign

Prithviraj moved from Gujarat to Ajmer, when his father Someshvara was topped the Chahamana king after the dying of Prithviraja II. Someshvara died in 1177 CE (1234 VS), when Prithviraj was round 11 years previous. The final inscription from Someshvara’s reign and the primary inscription from Prithviraj’s reign are each dated to this yr. Prithviraj, who was a minor on the time, ascended the throne along with his mom because the regent. The Hammira Mahakavya claims that Someshvara himself put in Prithviraj on the throne, after which retired to the forest. Nonetheless, that is uncertain.

Throughout his early years because the king, Prithviraj’s mom managed the administration, assisted by a regency council.

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Kadambavasa served because the chief minister of the dominion throughout this era. He’s also referred to as Kaimasa, Kaimash or Kaimbasa within the folks legends, which describe him as an ready administrator and soldier dedicated to the younger king. Prithviraja Vijaya states that he was accountable for {all} the army victories through the early years of Prithviraj’s reign. In keeping with two completely different legends, Kadambavasa was later killed by Prithviraj. The Prithviraja-Raso claims that Prithviraj killed the minister after discovering him within the house of the king’s favorite concubine Karnati.

 Prithviraja-Prabandha claims {that a} man named Pratapa-Simha conspired in opposition to the minister, and satisfied Prithviraj that the minister was accountable for the repeated Muslim invasions. Each these claims look like traditionally inaccurate, because the way more traditionally dependable Prithviraja Vijaya doesn’t point out any such incident.

Bhuvanaikamalla, the paternal uncle of Prithviraj’s mom, was one other vital minister throughout this time. In keeping with Prithviraja Vijaya, he was a valiant normal who served Prithviraj as  Garuda  serves  Vishnu.The textual content additionally states that he was “proficient within the artwork of subduing nāgas”. In keeping with the Fifteenth-century historian Jonaraja, “naga” right here refers to elephants. Nonetheless, Har Bilas Sarda  interpreted Naga because the identify of a tribe, and theorized that Bhuvanaikamalla defeated this tribe.

In keeping with historian Dasharatha Sharma, Prithviraj assumed precise management of the administration in 1180 CE (1237 VS).

Two verses:- of Kharatara-Gachchha-Pattavali point out the victory of Prithviraj over the Bhadanakas, whereas describing a debate between two Jain monks. This victory will be dated to someday earlier than 1182 CE, when the mentioned debate occurred. In keeping with Cynthia Talbot, the Bhadanakas had been an obscure dynasty who managed the world round  Bayana. In keeping with Dasharatha Sharma, the Bhadanaka territory comprised the world round present-day  Bhiwani,  Rewari  and  Alwar.

Conflict in opposition to Chandelas

The 1182–83 CE (1239 VS)  Madanpur  inscriptions from Prithviraj’s reign declare that he “laid to waste” Jejakabhukti (present-day Bundelkhand), which was dominated by the Chandela king Paramardi. Prithviraj’s invasion of the Chandela territory can also be described within the later folks legends, corresponding to Prithviraj Raso, Paramal Raso, and  Alha-Raso. Different texts corresponding to Sarangadhara Paddhati and Prabandha Chintamani additionally point out Prithviraj’s assault on Paramardi. The Kharatara-Gachchha-Pattavali mentions that Prithviraj had embarked upon a  digvijaya (conquest of {all} the areas). This seems to be a reference to the beginning of Prithviraj’s march to Jejakabhukti.

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The legendary account of Prithviraj’s marketing campaign in opposition to the Chandelas goes like this: Prithviraj was returning to Delhi after marrying the daughter of Padamsen, when his contingent was attacked by the “Turkic” forces (Ghurids). His military repulsed the assaults however suffered critical casualties within the course of. Amid this chaos, the Chahamana troopers misplaced their approach and unknowingly encamped within the Chandela capital Mahoba. They killed the Chandela royal gardener for objecting to their presence, which led to a skirmish between the 2 sides. The Chandela king Paramardi requested his normal Udal to assault Prithviraj’s camp, however Udal suggested in opposition to this transfer.

Paramardi’s brother-in-law Mahil Parihar dominated modern-day Orai; he harboured ill-will in opposition to Paramardi and instigated the king to go forward with the assault. Prithviraj defeated Udal’s contingent after which left for Delhi. Subsequently, sad with Mahil’s scheming, Udal and his brother Alha left the Chandela court docket. They began serving Jaichand, the Gahadavala ruler of Kannauj. Mahil then secretly knowledgeable Prithviraj that Chandela kingdom had turn into weak in absence of its strongest generals.

Prithviraj invaded the Chandela kingdom and besieged Sirsagarh, which was held by Udal’s cousin Malkhan. After failing to win over Malkhan by peaceable strategies and dropping eight generals, Prithviraj captured the fort. The Chandelas then appealed for a truce, and used this time to recall Alha and Udal from Kannauj. In help of the Chandelas, Jaichand dispatched a military led by his greatest generals, together with two of his personal sons. The mixed Chandela-Gahadavala military attacked Prithviraj’s camp, however was defeated.

After his victory, Prithviraj sacked Mahoba. He then dispatched his normal Chavand Rai to Kalinjar Fort to seize Paramardi. In keeping with the assorted legends, Paramardi both died or retired shortly after the assault. Prithviraj returned to Delhi after appointing Pajjun Rai because the governor of Mahoba. Later, Paramardi’s son recaptured Mahoba.

The precise historicity of this legendary narrative is debatable. The Madanpur inscriptions set up that Prithviraj sacked Mahoba, however historic proof means that his occupation of Chandela territory is both a fabrication by the bards, or didn’t final lengthy. It’s recognized that Paramardi didn’t die or retire instantly after the Chauhan victory; actually, he continued ruling as a sovereign practically a decade after Prithviraj’s dying. 

Cynthia Talbot asserts that Prithviraj solely raided Jejakabhukti, and Paramardi regained management of his kingdom quickly after his departure from Mahoba. Talbot continues that Prithviraj was not capable of annex the Chandela territory to his kingdom. Conversely, in line with R.B. Singh, it’s possible that some a part of Chandela territory was annexed by Chahmanas albeit for a short while.

Wars in Gujarat

The Kharatara-Gachchha-Pattavali mentions a peace treaty between Prithviraj, and Bhima II, the Chaulukya (Solanki) king of Gujarat. This means that the 2 kings had been beforehand at battle. This battle will be dated to someday earlier than 1187 CE (1244 VS). The Veraval inscription states that Bhima’s prime minister Jagaddeva Pratihara was “the moon to the lotus-like queens of Prithviraja” (a reference to the assumption that the moon-rise causes a day-blooming lotus to shut its petals). Since Bhima was a minor on the time, it seems that Jagaddeva led the marketing campaign on the Chaulukya facet.

The traditionally unreliable Prithviraj Raso supplies some particulars concerning the Chahamana-Chaulukya wrestle. In keeping with it, each Prithviraj and Bhima needed to marry Ichchhini, the Paramara princess of Abu. Prithviraj’s marriage to her led to a rivalry between the 2 kings. Historian G. H. Ojha dismisses this legend as fiction, as a result of it states that Ichchhini was a daughter of Salakha, whereas Dharavarsha was the Paramara ruler of Abu on the time. Historian R. B. Singh, however, believes that Salakha was the top of one other Paramara department at Abu.

The  Raso additionally mentions that Prithviraj’s uncle Kanhadeva had killed seven sons of Bhima’s uncle Sarangadeva. To avenge these murders, Bhima invaded the Chahamana kingdom and killed Prithviraj’s father Someshvara, capturing Nagor within the course of. Prithviraj re-captured Nagor, and defeated and killed Bhima. That is recognized to be traditionally false, because the reign of Bhima II lasted practically half a century after Prithviraj’s dying. Equally, historic proof suggests Bhima II was a toddler on the time of Someshvara’s dying, and subsequently, couldn’t have killed him.

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Regardless of these discrepancies, there may be some proof of a battle between the Chahamanas and the Chaulukyas at Nagor. Two inscriptions discovered at Charlu village close to Bikaner commemorate the dying of Mohil troopers on the battle of Nagor in 1184 CE (1241 VS). The Mohils are a department of the Chauhans (the Chahamanas), and it’s potential the inscriptions seek advice from the battle described in Prithviraj Raso.

Someday earlier than 1187 CE, Jagaddeva Pratihara signed a peace treaty with Prithviraj. In keeping with  Kharatara-Gachchha-Pattavali, a chief named Abhayada as soon as sought Jagaddeva’s permission to assault and rob the rich guests from Sapadalaksha nation (the Chahamana territory). In response, Jagaddeva advised Abhayada that he had concluded a treaty with Prithviraj with a lot issue. Jaggadeva then threatened to have Abhayada sewn in a donkey’s stomach if he harassed the folks of Sapadalaksha.

Historian Dasharatha Sharma theorizes that the Chahamana-Chaulukya battle ended with some benefit for Prithviraj, as Jagaddeva seems to have been very anxious to protect the treaty. In keeping with historian R.C. Majumdar and Satish Chandra his lengthy drawn out wrestle in opposition to Gujarat was unsuccessful and he suffered a reverse in opposition to Bhima. Thus, Prithviraj concluded a treaty by 1187 AD.

Paramaras

The realm round Mount Abu was dominated by the Chandravati Paramara ruler Dharavarsha, who was a Chaulukya feudatory. Partha-Parakrama-Vyayoga, a textual content written by his youthful brother Prahaladana, describes Prithviraj’s evening assault on Abu. This assault, in line with the textual content, was a failure for the Chahamanas. It in all probability occurred through the Gujarat marketing campaign of Prithviraj.

Gahadavala battle

The Gahadavala kingdom, centered round Kannauj and headed by one other highly effective king Jayachandra, was positioned to the east of the Chahamana kingdom. In keeping with a legend talked about in Prithviraj Raso, Prithviraj eloped with Jayachandra’s daughter Samyogita, resulting in a rivalry between the 2 kings.

The legend goes like this: King Jaichand (Jayachandra) of Kannauj determined to conduct a Rajasuya ceremony to proclaim his supremacy. Prithviraj refused to take part on this ceremony, and thus, refused to acknowledge Jaichand because the supreme king. Jaichand’s daughter Samyogita fell in love with Prithviraj after listening to about his heroic exploits, and declared that she would marry solely him. Jaichand organized a  swayamvara   ceremony for his daughter, however didn’t invite Prithviraj.

However, Prithviraj marched to Kannauj with 100 warriors and eloped with Samyogita. Two-thirds of his warriors sacrificed their life in battle in opposition to the Gahadavala military, permitting him to flee to Delhi with Samyogita. In Delhi, Prithviraj grew to become infatuated along with his new spouse, and began spending most of his time along with her. He began ignoring the state affairs, which finally led to his defeat in opposition to Muhammad of Ghor.

This legend can also be talked about in Abu’l-Fazl’s Ain-i-Akbari and Chandrashekhara’s Surjana-Charita (which names the Gahadavala princess as “Kantimati”). Prithviraja Vijaya mentions that Prithviraj fell in love with the incarnation of an apsara Tilottama, though he had by no means seen this lady and was already married to different ladies.

In keeping with historian  Dasharatha Sharma, that is in all probability a reference to Samyogita. Nonetheless, this legend is just not talked about in different historic sources corresponding to  Prithviraja-Prabandha,  Prabandha-Chintamani, Prabandha-Kosha and Hammira-Mahakavya. The Gahadavala information are additionally silent about this occasion, together with the supposed Rajasuya efficiency by Jayachandra.

In keeping with Dasharatha Sharma and R. B. Singh, there may be some historic reality on this legend, as it’s talked about in three completely different sources. {All} three sources place the occasion someday earlier than Prithviraj’s last confrontation with Muhammad of Ghor in 1192 CE.

Historians consider that the legends could also be false. Reign Of Prithviraj Prithviraj’s father died in a battle in 1179 CE after which Prithviraj grew to become the king. He dominated each Ajmer and Delhi and as soon as he grew to become the king, he initiated numerous operations to increase his kingdom. He first began capturing the small States of Rajasthan and did efficiently conquer every of these. After that, he attacked the Chandelas of Khajuraho and Mahoba and defeated them. He launched a marketing campaign on the Chalukyas of Gujarat in 1182 CE which resulted in a battle that went on for years.

He was lastly defeated by Bhima 11 in 1187 CE. Prithviraj additionally attacked the Gahadavalas of kannauj. He didn’t indulge himself politically with different neighboring states and remoted himself though he was profitable in increasing his kingdom. Necessary BattlesPrithviraj Chauhan fought many battles in his life and was a really well-known ruler of his time however there are some battles which are very well-known. Within the twelfth century, the Muslim dynasties had completed many raids on the northwestern areas of the subcontinent as a result of which, they had been capable of seize most of that half.

One such dynasty was the Ghurid dynasty, whose ruler Muhammad of Ghor crossed the Indus river to seize Multan which was an earlier a part of the Chahamana kingdom. Ghor managed the western territories which had been a part of Prithviraj’s kingdom. Muhammad Ghor now needed to increase his kingdom to the east which was managed by Prithviraj Chauhan. This led to many battles between the 2. These two, i.e, Prithviraj and Muhammad of Ghor are mentioned to have fought many battles, however shreds of proof are for less than two of these. Which had been often known as the battles of Tarain. 

Prithviraj Chauhan Final battle and dying:

The First Battle Of TarainThis battle, the primary battle of Tarain, started within the yr 1190 CE. Earlier than this battle began Muhammad Ghor had captured Tabarhinda which was part of Chahamana. The information reached the ears of Prithviraj and he was very livid. He launched a marketing campaign in the direction of that place. Ghor after capturing Tabarhindah had determined that he would return to his base however when he heard about Prithviraj’s assault, he determined to carry his military and put up a battle.

The 2 armies clashed and there have been many casualties. Prithviraj’s military defeated the military of Ghor, which resulted in Ghor being injured however he one way or the other escaped.The Second Battle Of Tarain As soon as,  Prithviraj defeated Muhammad Ghor, within the first battle of Tarain, he had no intentions of combating him once more as with time, the primary battle was merely a frontier battle for him. He underestimated Muhammad Muhammad Ghor and by no means thought that he must battle him once more. It’s mentioned that Muhammad Ghor attacked Prithviraj at evening and he was capable of deceive his military.

Prithviraj didn’t have many Hindu allies however regardless of his military being weak, he put up a superb battle. He was lastly defeated by Ghor within the second battle of Tarain and Muhammad Ghor was capable of seize Chahamana. Loss of life That is vital to notice that it isn’t clear when truly he died and the way. Many medieval sources counsel that Prithviraj was taken to Ajmer by Muhammad of Ghor the place he was saved as a Ghurid vassal. After typically Prithviraj Chauhan rebelled in opposition to Muhammad of Ghor and was later killed for treason. This concept is supported by the ‘horse-and-bullman’-style cash which have the identify of Prithviraj on one facet and the “Muhammad bin Sam” identify on one other. The precise purpose for the dying of Prithviraj Chauhan varies from one supply to a different. 

A Muslim historian, Hasan Nizami states that Prithviraj Chauhan was caught conspiring in opposition to Muhammad of Ghor which allowed the king to behead him. The historian has not described the precise nature of the conspiracy.In keeping with Prithviraja-Prabandha, Prithviraj Chauhan has saved the constructing which was near the court docket and was near the room of Muhammad of Ghor. Prithviraj Chauhan was planning to kill Muhammad and had requested his minister Pratapasimha to supply him with a bow and arrows. Minister did fulfill his want and offered the weapons to him but in addition knowledgeable Muhammad concerning the secret plan which Prithviraj had been plotting to kill him.

Prithviraj Chauhan was then later taken captive and was thrown right into a pit the place he was stoned to dying. In keeping with Hammira Mahakavya, Prithviraj Chauhan after his defeat had refused to eat which finally led to his dying. Varied different sources state that Prithviraj Chauhan was killed instantly after his dying. In keeping with Prithviraj Raso, Prithviraj was taken to Ghazna and was blinded and afterward killed within the jail. In keeping with ‘Viruddha-Vidhi Vidhvansa,’ Prithviraj Chauhan was killed instantly after the battle. 

Written by:- Mrs. Snehal Rajan Jani.

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