Swami Vivekananda Biography – Born, Early Life, Education, Works, Teachings and Famous Quotes

Swami Vivekananda Biography

Swami Vivekananda Biography:- Hindu religious chief and reformer in India who tried to mix Indian spirituality with Western materials progress, sustaining that the 2 supplemented and complemented each other. His Absolute was an individual’s personal increased self; to labour for the good thing about humanity was the noblest endeavour. Sure, I’m speaking about Swami Vivekananda.

Swami Vivekananda Profile

Identify: Narendranath Datta
 Date of start:- 12 January 1863
Delivery Place:- Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India
(current-day Kolkata, West Bengal, India)
Father: Vishwanath Dutta
Mom:  Bhuvaneshwari Devi
Guru Ramakrishna
Faith: Hinduism
Founder: Ramakrishna Mission
Education:  Calcutta Metropolitan College; Presidency Faculty, Calcutta
Loss of life:  4 July 1902 (aged 39)
Belur Math, Bengal Presidency, British India
(current-day West Bengal, India)

Swami Vivekananda Born into an higher-center-class household of the Kayastha (scribes) caste in Bengal, on twelfth January 1863. He was educated at a Western-model college the place he was uncovered to Western philosophy, Christianity, and science. Social reform turned a distinguished component of Vivekananda’s thought, and he joined the Brahmo Samaj (Society of Brahma), devoted to eliminating baby marriage and illiteracy and decided to unfold schooling amongst ladies and the decrease castes. He later turned probably the most-notable disciple of Ramakrishna, who demonstrated the important unity of all religions.

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His father, Vishwanath Datta, was a profitable lawyer with pursuits in a variety of topics, and his mom,  Bhuvaneshwari Devi, was endowed with deep devotion, robust character and different qualities. A precocious boy, Narendra excelled in music, gymnastics and research. By the point he graduated from Calcutta University, he had acquired an enormous information of various topics, particularly Western philosophy and historical past. Born with a yogic temperament, he used to practise meditation even from his childhood, and was related to Brahmo Motion for a while.

Swami Vivekananda’s Education:

Educational Establishment Diploma/Course Yr
Presidency Faculty, Calcutta Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) 1884
Scottish Church Faculty Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) 1886
University of Calcutta Bachelor of Legal guidelines (LL.B.) 1888

With Sri Ramakrishna

On the threshold of youth Narendra needed to cross via a interval of religious disaster when he was assailed by doubts in regards to the existence of God. It was at the moment he first heard about Sri Ramakrishna from considered one of his English professors at school. In the future in November 1881, Narendra went to satisfy Sri Ramakrishna who was staying on the Kali Temple in Dakshineshwar. He straightaway requested the Grasp a query which he had put to a number of others however had obtained no passable reply: “Sir, have you ever seen God?” And not using a second’s hesitation, Sri Ramakrishna replied: “Sure, I’ve. I see Him as clearly as I see you, solely in a a lot intenser sense.”

Aside from eradicating doubts from the thoughts of Narendra, Sri Ramakrishna gained him over via his pure, unselfish love. Thus started a guru-disciple relationship which is sort of distinctive within the historical past of religious masters. Narendra now turned a frequent customer to Dakshineshwar and, below the steering of the Grasp, made fast strides on the religious path. At Dakshineshwar, Narendra additionally met a number of younger males who had been dedicated to Sri Ramakrishna, and all of them turned shut buddies.

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Troublesome Conditions

After a number of years two occasions occurred which induced Narendra appreciable misery. One was the sudden demise of his father in 1884. This left the household penniless, and Narendra needed to bear the burden of supporting his mom, brothers and sisters. The second occasion was the sickness of Sri Ramakrishna which was identified to be most cancers of the throat. In September 1885 Sri Ramakrishna was moved to a home at Shyampukur, and a number of months later to a rented villa at Cossipore. In these two locations the younger disciples nursed the Grasp with devoted care. Regardless of poverty at residence and incapacity to discover a job for himself, Narendra joined the group as its chief.

Beginnings of a Monastic Brotherhood

Sri Ramakrishna instilled in these younger males the spirit of renunciation and cohesion for each other. In the future he distributed ochre robes amongst them and despatched them out to beg meals. On this method he himself laid the muse for a brand new monastic order. He gave particular directions to Narendra in regards to the formation of the brand new monastic Order. Within the small hours of 16 August 1886 Sri Ramakrishna gave up his mortal physique.

After the Grasp’s passing, fifteen of his younger disciples (another joined them later) started to dwell collectively in a dilapidated constructing at Baranagar in North Kolkata. Beneath the management of Narendra, they shaped a brand new monastic brotherhood, and in 1887 they took the formal vows of sannyasa, thereby assuming new names. Narendra now turned Swami Vivekananda (though this identify was really assumed a lot later.)

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Consciousness of Life’s Mission

After establishing the brand new monastic order, Vivekananda heard the inside name for a larger mission in his life. Whereas a lot of the followers of Sri Ramakrishna considered him in relation to their very own private lives, Vivekananda considered the Grasp in relation to India and the remainder of the world. Because the prophet of the current age, what was Sri Ramakrishna’s message to the trendy world and to India specifically? This query and the attention of his personal inherent powers urged Swamiji to exit alone into the broad world. So in the midst of 1890, after receiving the blessings of Sri Sarada Devi, the divine consort of Sri Ramakrishna, identified to the world as Holy Mom, who was then staying in Kolkata, Swamiji left Baranagar Math and launched into an extended journey of exploration and discovery of India.

Discovery of Actual India

Throughout his travels throughout India, Swami Vivekananda was deeply moved to see the appalling poverty and backwardness of the lots. He was the primary non secular chief in India to know and brazenly declare that the true reason for India’s downfall was the neglect of the lots. The rapid want was to offer meals and different naked requirements of life to the hungry tens of millions. For this they need to be taught improved strategies of agriculture, village industries, and so forth. It was on this context that Vivekananda grasped the crux of the issue of poverty in India owing to centuries of oppression, the downtrodden lots had misplaced religion of their capability to enhance their lot. It was to begin with essential to infuse into their minds religion in themselves. For this they wanted a life-giving, inspiring message. Swamiji discovered this message within the precept of the Atman, the doctrine of the potential divinity of the soul, taught in Vedanta, the traditional system of non secular philosophy of India. He noticed that, regardless of poverty, the lots clung to faith, however they’d by no means been taught the life-giving, ennobling rules of Vedanta and find out how to apply them in sensible life.

Thus the lots wanted two varieties of information: secular information to enhance their financial situation, and religious information to infuse in them religion in themselves and strengthen their ethical sense. The subsequent query was, find out how to unfold these two varieties of information among the many lots? By means of schooling – this was the reply that Swamiji discovered.

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Want for an Group

One factor turned clear to Swamiji: to hold out his plans for the unfold of schooling and for the uplift of the poor lots, and additionally of girls, an environment friendly group of devoted individuals was wanted. As he stated afterward, he wished “to set in movement a equipment which can carry noblest concepts to the doorstep of even the poorest and the meanest.” It was to function this ‘equipment’ that Swamiji based the Ramakrishna Mission a number of years later.

Resolution to attend the Parliament of Religions

It was when these concepts had been taking form in his thoughts in the middle of his wanderings that Swami Vivekananda heard in regards to the World’s Parliament of Religions to be held in Chicago in 1893. His buddies and admirers in India wished him to attend the Parliament. He too felt that the Parliament would supply the correct discussion board to current his Grasp’s message to the world, and so he determined to go to America. One more reason which prompted Swamiji to go to America was to hunt monetary assist for his undertaking of uplifting the lots.

Swami Vivekananda Biography

Swamiji, nonetheless, wished to have an inside certitude and divine name relating to his mission. Each of those he received whereas he sat in deep meditation on the rock-island at Kanyakumari. With the funds partly collected by his Chennai disciples and partly offered by the Raja of Khetri, Swami Vivekananda left for America from Mumbai on 31 Might 1893.

The Parliament of Religions and After

His speeches on the World’s Parliament of Religions held in September 1893 made him well-known as an ‘orator by divine proper’ and as a ‘Messenger of Indian knowledge to the Western world’. After the Parliament, Swamiji spent almost three and a half years spreading Vedanta as lived and taught by Sri Ramakrishna, largely within the japanese components of USA and additionally in London.

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Awakening His Countrymen

He returned to India in January 1897. In response to the enthusiastic welcome that he obtained in all places, he delivered a collection of lectures in numerous components of India, which created an important stir all around the nation. By means of these inspiring and profoundly vital lectures Swami Vivekanandaji tried to do the next:

 to awaken the non secular consciousness of the individuals and create in them pleasure of their cultural heritage;

 to result in unification of Hinduism by stating the frequent bases of its sects;

 to focus the eye of educated individuals on the plight of the downtrodden lots, and to expound his plan for his or her uplift by the applying of the rules of Sensible Vedanta.

Founding of Ramakrishna Mission

Quickly after his return to Kolkata, Swami Vivekananda completed one other essential job of his mission on earth. He based on 1 Might 1897 a novel sort of group generally known as Ramakrishna Mission, through which monks and lay individuals would collectively undertake propagation of Sensible Vedanta, and numerous types of social service, comparable to working hospitals, faculties, faculties, hostels, rural improvement centres and so forth, and conducting huge reduction and rehabilitation work for victims of earthquakes, cyclones and different calamities, in numerous components of India and different international locations.

Belur Math

In early 1898 Swami Vivekananda acquired a giant plot of land on the western financial institution of the Ganga at a spot referred to as Belur to have a everlasting abode for the monastery and monastic Order initially began at Baranagar, and received it registered as Ramakrishna Math after a few years. Right here Swamiji established a brand new, common sample of monastic life which adapts historical monastic beliefs to the situations of contemporary life, which provides equal significance to non-public illumination and social service, and which is open to all males with none distinction of faith, race or caste.

Disciples

It might be talked about right here that within the West many individuals had been influenced by Swami Vivekananda’s life and message. A few of them turned his disciples or devoted buddies. Amongst them the names of Margaret Noble who is named Sister Nivedita afterward in India, Captain and Mrs Sevier,  Josephine McLeod and Sara Chapman Bull, deserve particular point out. Nivedita devoted her life to educating women in Kolkata. Swamiji had many Indian disciples additionally, a few of whom joined Ramakrishna Math and turned sannyasins.

Final Days and demise:-

In June 1899 he went to the West on a second go to. This time he spent most of his time within the West coast of USA. After delivering many lectures there, he returned to Belur Math in December 1900. The remainder of his life was spent in India, inspiring and guiding individuals, each monastic and lay. Incessant work, particularly giving lectures and inspiring individuals, instructed upon Swamiji’s well being. His well being deteriorated and the top got here quietly on the evening of 4 July 1902. Earlier than his Mahasamadhi he had written to a Western follower: “It might be that I shall discover it good to get exterior my physique, to forged it off like a worn out garment. However I shall not stop to work. I shall encourage males in all places till the entire world shall know that it’s one with God.”

Swami Vivekananda’s contributions to World Tradition

Making an goal evaluation of Swami Vivekananda’s contributions to world tradition, the eminent British historian A L Basham said that “in centuries to return, he shall be remembered as one of many foremost moulders of the trendy world…” Among the foremost contributions that Swamiji made to the trendy world are talked about under:

1. New Understanding of Faith : One of the vital vital contributions of Swami Vivekananda to the trendy world is his interpretation of faith as a common expertise of transcendent Actuality, frequent to all humanity. Swami Vivekananda met the problem of contemporary science by exhibiting that faith is as scientific as science itself; faith is the ‘science of consciousness’. As such, faith and science usually are not contradictory to one another however are complementary.

This common conception frees faith from the maintain of superstitions, dogmatism, priestcraft and intolerance, and makes faith the very best and noblest pursuit – the pursuit of supreme Freedom, supreme Information, supreme Happiness.

2. New View of Man : Vivekananda’s idea of ‘potential divinity of the soul’ offers a brand new, ennobling idea of man. The current age is the age of humanism which holds that man must be the chief concern and centre of all actions and pondering. By means of science and expertise man has attained nice prosperity and energy, and trendy strategies of communication and journey have transformed human society right into a ‘international village’. However the degradation of man has additionally been occurring apace, as witnessed by the large enhance in damaged properties, immorality, violence, crime, and so forth. in trendy society. Vivekananda’s idea of potential divinity of the soul prevents this degradation, divinizes human relationships, and makes life significant and value dwelling. Swamiji has laid the muse for ‘religious humanism’, which is manifesting itself via a number of neo-humanistic actions and the present curiosity in meditation, Zen and so forth all around the world.

3. New Precept of Morality and Ethics : The prevalent morality, in each particular person life and social life, is generally primarily based on worry – worry of the police, worry of public ridicule, worry of God’s punishment, worry of Karma, and so on. The present theories of ethics additionally don’t clarify why an individual must be ethical and be good to others. Vivekananda has given a brand new idea of ethics and new precept of morality primarily based on the intrinsic purity and oneness of the Atman. We must be pure as a result of purity is our actual nature, our true divine Self or Atman. Equally, we must always love and serve our neighbours as a result of we’re all one within the Supreme Spirit generally known as Paramatman or Brahman.

4. Bridge between the East and the West : One other nice contribution of Swami Vivekananda was to construct a bridge between Indian tradition and Western tradition. He did it by deciphering Hindu scriptures and philosophy and the Hindu lifestyle and establishments to the Western individuals in an idiom which they might perceive. He made the Western individuals notice that they needed to study a lot from Indian spirituality for their very own effectively-being. He confirmed that, regardless of her poverty and backwardness, India had an important contribution to make to world tradition. On this method he was instrumental in ending India’s cultural isolation from the remainder of the world. He was India’s first nice cultural ambassador to the West.

Alternatively, Swami Vivekanandaji’s interpretation of historical Hindu scriptures, philosophy, establishments, and so forth ready the thoughts of Indians to simply accept and apply in sensible life two greatest parts of Western tradition, particularly science and expertise and humanism. Swamiji has taught Indians find out how to grasp Western science and expertise and on the similar time develop spiritually. Swamiji has additionally taught Indians find out how to adapt Western humanism, particularly the concepts of particular person freedom, social equality and justice and respect for ladies to Indian tradition.

On his return to India with a small group of Western disciples in 1897, Vivekananda based the Ramakrishna Mission on the monastery of Belur Math on the Ganges (Ganga) River close to Calcutta (now Kolkata). Self-perfection and service had been his beliefs, and the order continued to emphasize them. He tailored and made related to the twentieth century the very highest beliefs of the Vedantic faith, and, though he lived solely two years into that century, he left the mark of his persona on East and West alike.

Swamiji’s Contributions to India

Regardless of her innumerable linguistic, ethnic, historic and regional diversities, India has had from time immemorial a powerful sense of cultural unity. It was, nonetheless, Swami Vivekananda who revealed the true foundations of this tradition and thus clearly outlined and strengthened the sense of unity as a nation.

Swami Vivekanandaji gave Indians correct understanding of their nation’s nice religious heritage and thus gave them pleasure of their previous. Moreover, he identified to Indians the drawbacks of Western tradition and the necessity for India’s contribution to beat these drawbacks. On this method Swamiji made India a nation with a world mission.

Sense of unity, pleasure up to now, sense of mission – these had been the components which gave actual energy and objective to India’s nationalist motion. A number of eminent leaders of India’s freedom motion have acknowledged their indebtedness to Swamiji. 

The primary Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru wrote: “Rooted up to now, stuffed with pleasure in India’s status, Vivekananda was but trendy in his way of living’s issues, and was a type of bridge between the previous of India and her current … he got here as a tonic to the depressed and demoralized Hindu thoughts and gave it self-reliance and some roots up to now.” Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose wrote: “Swamiji harmonized the East and the West, faith and science, previous and current. And that’s the reason he’s nice. Our countrymen have gained unprecedented self-respect, self-reliance and self-assertion from his teachings.”

Swami Vivekanandaji’s most unusual contribution to the creation of recent India was to open the minds of Indians to their obligation to the downtrodden lots. Lengthy earlier than the concepts of Karl Marx had been identified in India, Swamiji spoke in regards to the position of the labouring courses within the manufacturing of the nation’s wealth. Swamiji was the primary non secular chief in India to talk for the lots, formulate a particular philosophy of service, and arrange giant-scale social service.

All the time stressing the common and humanistic aspect of the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, in addition to perception in service somewhat than dogma, Vivekananda tried to infuse vigour into Hindu thought, inserting much less emphasis on the prevailing pacifism and presenting Hindu spirituality to the West. He was an activating pressure within the motion to advertise  Vedanta philosophy the United States and England. In 1893 he appeared in Chicago as a spokesman for Hinduism on the World’s Parliament of Religions and so captivated the meeting {that a} newspaper account described him as “an orator by divine proper and undoubtedly the best determine on the Parliament.” Thereafter he lectured all through the United States and England, making converts to the Vedanta motion.

Swamiji’s Contributions to Hinduism:-

Identification: It was Swami Vivekananda who gave to Hinduism as a complete a transparent-lower id, a definite profile. Earlier than Swamiji got here Hinduism was a free confederation of many various sects. Swamiji was the primary non secular chief to discuss the frequent bases of Hinduism and the frequent floor of all sects. He was the primary particular person, as guided by his Grasp Sri Ramakrishna, to simply accept all Hindu doctrines and the views of all Hindu philosophers and sects as totally different features of 1 whole view of Actuality and lifestyle generally known as Hinduism. Talking about Swamiji’s position in giving Hinduism its distinct id, Sister Nivedita stated, “it could be stated that when he started to talk it was of ‘the non secular concepts of the Hindus’, however when he ended, Hinduism had been created.”

Unification: Earlier than Swami Vivekanandaji got here, there was quite a lot of quarrel and competitors among the many numerous sects of Hinduism. Equally, the protagonists of various techniques and faculties of philosophy had been claiming their views to be the one true and legitimate ones. By making use of Sri Ramakrishna’s doctrine of Concord (Samanvaya) Swamiji caused an total unification of Hinduism on the idea of the precept of unity in variety. Talking about Swamiji’s position on this subject Okay M Pannikar, the eminent historian and diplomat, wrote: “This new Shankaracharya might be claimed to be a unifier of Hindu ideology.”

Defence: One other essential service rendered by Swamiji was to lift his voice in defence of Hinduism. Actually, this was one of many foremost kinds of work he did within the West. Christian missionary propaganda had given a improper understanding of Hinduism and India in Western minds. Swamiji needed to face quite a lot of opposition in his makes an attempt to defend Hinduism.

Assembly the Challenges: On the finish of the nineteenth century, India on the whole, and Hinduism specifically, confronted grave challenges from Western materialistic life, the concepts of Western free society, and the proselytizing actions of Christians. Vivekananda met these challenges by integrating the most effective parts of Western tradition in Hindu tradition.

New Best of Monasticism: A serious contribution of Vivekananda to Hinduism is the rejuvenation and modernization of monasticism. On this new monastic excellent, adopted within the Ramakrishna Order, the traditional rules of renunciation and God realization are mixed with service to God in man (Shiva jnane jiva seva). Vivekananda elevated social service to the standing of divine service.

Refurbishing of Hindu Philosophy and Spiritual Doctrines: Vivekananda didn’t merely interpret historical Hindu scriptures and philosophical concepts when it comes to trendy thought. He additionally added a number of illuminating unique ideas primarily based on his personal transcendental experiences and imaginative and prescient of the longer term. This, nonetheless, wants an in depth examine of Hindu philosophy which can’t be tried right here.

swami vivekananda books

E-book Title Printed Yr Description
“Karma Yoga” 1896 Explores the trail of selfless motion and its significance in religious development.
“Raja Yoga” 1896 Gives insights into the observe of meditation and the trail of inside realization.
“Bhakti Yoga” 1896 Discusses the trail of devotion and love as a method of accomplishing religious enlightenment.
“Jnana Yoga” 1899 Explores the trail of information and mental pursuit within the quest for fact.
“Lectures from Colombo to Almora” 1897 Assortment of lectures delivered throughout his travels, masking numerous religious subjects.
“My Grasp” 1901 Chronicles Swami Vivekananda’s private experiences and interactions along with his Guru, Ramakrishna.
“Impressed Talks” 1909 Compilation of casual discussions and conversations with Swami Vivekananda on religious issues.
“Sensible Vedanta” 1914 Expounds on the sensible utility of Vedantic philosophy in day by day life.
“The East and The West” 1909 Explores the distinction between Jap and Western philosophies and cultures.
“Lectures on Bhagavad Gita” 1909 Collection of lectures analyzing the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita, a revered Hindu scripture.

Chosen Teachings of Swami Vivekananda

  • My excellent, certainly, could be put into a number of phrases, and that’s: to evangelise unto mankind their divinity, and find out how to make it manifest in each motion of life.
  • Education is the manifestation of the perfection already in man.
  • We would like that schooling by which character is forme.
  • The best faith is to be true to your individual nature. Place confidence in yourselves.
  • Power is Life, Weak point is Loss of life.
  • Enlargement is Life, Contraction is Loss of life.
  • Love is Life, Hatred is Loss of life.
  • Speak to your self as soon as in a day, in any other case you might miss assembly an clever particular person on this world.
  • Fact could be said in a thousand alternative ways, but each could be true.
  • The good secret of true success, of true happiness, is that this: the person or lady who asks for no return, the superbly unselfish particular person, is probably the most profitable.
  • In a battle between the guts and the mind, observe your coronary heart.

Take up one thought. Make that one thought your life; dream of it; consider it; dwell on that concept. Let the mind, the physique, muscle groups, nerves, each a part of your physique be stuffed with that concept, and simply depart each different thought alone. That is the way in which to success, and that is the way in which nice religious giants are produced.

Written by:- Mrs. Snehal Rajan Jani.

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